For – Since


For – Since

Στην ελληνική λέμε:

Παίζω μπάλα κάθε Σάββατο απόγευμα. (ελληνικός και αγγλικός ενεστώς)

Όμως

Παίζω μπάλα επί μία ώρα (ή εδώ και μία ώρα ή για μία ώρα) .

είναι κάτι, εντελώς, διαφορετικό, αν και στις δύο περιπτώσεις χρησιμοποιούμε το play/παίζω!

Να προσέξετε το ρήμα παίζω πως αποδίδεται στην αγγλική (σ’αυτήν την περίπτωση).

Μερικές παρατηρήσεις εδώ!

Ο ελληνικός ενεστώς είναι ο αγγλικός παρακείμενος!

Ποτέ play!! Πάντα have played / have been playing

I have played (have been playing) football for an hour.

Να προσέξετε τη λέξη for χαρακτηρίζει διάρκεια.

πχ.

for three days – for the whole summer

for six weeks – for eight hours

for a month – for days and days

Τώρα το ίδιο παράδειγμα με άλλη χρονική αναφορά.

Παίζω μπάλα από το 2007.

I have played (have been playing) football since 2007.

I have been doing my homework since lunch time.

Να προσέξετε εδώ ότι ο χρόνος παραμένει ο ίδιος αλλά αλλάζει, φυσικά, η λέξη since που δείχνει από πότε άρχισε η πράξη.

Περισσότερα παραδείγματα:

since September

since I was little

since Monday

since school

Περισσότερα παραδείγματα σε προτάσεις:

Mary has played hopscotch for half an hour.

Mary has played hopscotch since half past five.

ή

Mary has been playing hopscotch for half an hour.

Mary has been playing hopscotch since half past five.

hopscotch=κουτσό (παιδικό παιχνίδι)

Exercise.

Put in FOR or SINCE

1. We have been fishing ____for____ two hours.

2. I have been working in this office _____for____ a month.

3. They have been living in France ____since_____ 1945.

4. He has been in prison ____for____ a year.

5. I have known that ____for____ a long time.

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About Nick Papadodimas

Independent E-Learning English Professional
This entry was posted in Nick's Grammar and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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