Time Sequence / Χρονική σειρά σε μια πρόταση


Fokion and Bill. Both love football !

Time Sequence / Χρονική σειρά σε μια πρόταση

SEQUENCE  IN  THE  CLAUSES

PAST

When John had eaten his supper, he went to bed

After John had eaten his supper, he went to bed

As soon as John ate  his supper, he went to bed. Σημείωση: 1.  Το as soon as (μόλις) δε δείχνει time gap δηλαδή  χρονικό κενό  μεταξύ των δύο πράξεων, γι’αυτό χρησιμοποιούμε αόριστο απλό. Σημείωση: 2. Το after και το when δείχνουν  χρονικό κενό , γι’αυτό χρησιμοποιούμε Υπερσυντέλικο.

PRESENT

When John  has eaten his supper, he goes to bed.

Αfter John  has eaten  his supper, he goes to bed.

As soon as  John eats  his supper, he goes to bed.

FUTURE

When John  has eaten  his supper, he will go to bed.

After John  has eaten his supper, he will go to bed.

As soon as  eats John  has eaten  his supper, he will go to bedΠροσοχή!!

Στην Ελληνική λέμε:

Πήγαμε για καφέ και μετά πήγαμε σινεμά

Στην Αγγλική λέμε:

We went for a coffee and then (we went) to the cinema‘.

or:

We went for a coffee and later to the cinema‘.

Δε χρησιμοποιούμε τη λέξη ‘after‘ δηλαδή δε λέμε:

We went for a coffee and after (we went) to the cinema.

ΠοτέAfter‘ !!

ΠάνταThen ήLater

Exercise.

Put the verbs in the following sentences into all possible sequences. This will depend on the meaning. Take care in your choice of Simple Perfect Tenses.

1. As soon as a burglar (step) through the door, an alarm bell (ring).

__a. steps  /  rings  _____ b. stepped / rang ______ c. has stepped / rings ____

2. When the dog (see) me, it (bark) loudly.

__________________________________________________

3. When a candidate (finish) his paper, he (give) it in to the examiner.

__________________________________________________

4. After he (check) everything carefully, he (press) the switch.

__________________________________________________

5. Visitors (can) remain until the bell (ring).

__________________________________________________

6. John (not be) allowed to watch TV. until he (do) his homework.

__________________________________________________

7. As soon as Philip (write) the book, he (send) it to his publisher.

__________________________________________________

8. When we (reach) the top of the hill, we (take) a rest.

__________________________________________________

9. Soon after Nancy (divorce) Brian, she (marry) Cecil.

__________________________________________________

10. It (be) better to wait until the crowd (leave).

__________________________________________________

Exercise.

Repeat the sentences from the previous exercise, in the Future Sequence only, AFTER the introductory clauses given below.

1. The bank manager explained that …..

a.  as soon as a burglar steps through the door, an alarm bell rings_____

b.  as soon as a burglar stepped through the door, an alarm bell rang _____

c.  as soon as a burglar has stepped through the door, an alarm bell rings _____

2. Tom was afraid that_______________________________

________________________________________________

3. The teacher explained that__________________________

________________________________________________

4. The scientist said that______________________________

________________________________________________

5. The nurse reminded them that _______________________

________________________________________________

Exercise.

Put the verbs in the correct tense.

1. The police inspector said that he (phone) me the moment he (have) any news.

__________________________________________________

2. The lawyer explained that I (not receive) any of my inheritance until I (be) twenty-one years old.

__________________________________________________

3. I was sure that Harry (pay) me back the money as soon as he (get) his salary.

__________________________________________________

4. Ken asked me if I (lend) him my bicycle until his own (be) repaired.

__________________________________________________

5. Mr. Wilde refused to discuss the matter before he (consult) his wife.

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

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About Nick Papadodimas

Independent E-Learning English Professional
This entry was posted in Nick's Grammar and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

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