PREPOSITIONS OF TIME AND PLACE
Χρονικές και Τοπικές προθέσεις
– When does he go to work?
– In the evening.
– When will he go away?
– At Easter.
– When did they come back?
– On Monday.
Τρεις διαφορετικές προθέσεις, τρεις διαφορετικές χρήσεις.
Look at the following table. If you can, memorise it.
IN : Years / Seasons / Months / Parts of the day
ON : Days / Dates
AT : Hours / Feast Days
Ask and answer the following questions as indicated, supplying the necessary prepositions.
When will Tom return from Paris?
He will return from Paris on Friday.
(Verbs may be in Simple Past, Present or Future.)
1. When-your exams-begin? 8th June
When do your exams begin? On the 8th of June
2. When-Columbus-discover America? 1542
When did Columbus discover America? In 1542
3. When-your-mother-do-shopping? The morning
When does your mother go shopping? In the morning
4. When-Tom-play football? Saturday morning
When does Tom play fooball? On Saturday morning
5. When-trees-lose-leaves? Autumn
When do trees lose (their) leaves? In autumn
Add one or more time words or phrases at the beginning or end of these sentences.
1. __________ school starts __________ .
2. __________ it seldom snows __________ .
3. I was born __________.
4. __________ the war ended __________ .
5. __________ we arrived home ___________ .
– Where is he going? He’s going into the room.
– Where are they driving to? They are driving to Athens.
– Where is he staying? He’s staying at a small hotel.
Υπάρχουν κι άλλες Τοπικές προθέσεις αλλά αυτές οι τρεις είναι εκείνες που μας δημιουργούν προβλήματα συνήθως.
Here, a table will help. Memorise it if you can.
MOTION : to / into / from / out of
REST: in (inside) at / outside
This table shows that before you use a preposition of Place it is necessary to decide whether the sentence contains the idea of movement in a certain direction or not. If it does, then we must use a preposition of Motion:
INTO / A boy suddenly ran into the room.
FROM / Can you swim from this island to the shore?
OUT OF / The angry teacher sent the boy out of the room.
If it does not contain this idea of motion in a certain direction, then we must use a preposition of Rest:
IN / The train was still waiting in the station.
INSIDE / Nobody knew what was inside the box.
OUTSIDE / He usually parks his car outside the cinema.
AT / Let’s meet at the park.
NOTE: There is an important difference between IN and AT:
- Some words need special care:
HOME : after verbs of Rest the preposition is AT.
- He spent the day at home.
After verbs of Motion no preposition is used.
He hurried home.
NOTE: ENTER and REACH do not need a preposition.
ARRIVE is followed by either IN for large places or AT for small places.
- He soon reached the top.
- Nobody entered the theatre that morning.
- We soon arrived at the traffic lights.
Exercise: Ask and answer the following questions as indicated, supplying the preposition where necessary:
e.g. Question: Where – Mr. – Hill – fly – last week? Tokyo.
Answer: Where did Mr. Hill fly to last week?
He flew to Tokyo last week. (or: Last week he flew to Tokyo)
1. Where – Mr. Hill – stay? the King George Hotel?
2. Where – Mary – jump? the water
3. Where – Frank – arrive – on the third day?
4. Where – Miranda – travel to? the West Coast of America.
5. Where – Jimmy – climb? the top of the tree.
Read out the following sentences, supplying the missing prepositions.
1. Since then the wreck has been lying ____________ the bottom of the sea.
2. Slowly the ship sank ________________________the bottom of the sea.
3. Thousands of tourists come _______ Greece _______ all over the world.
4. My brother is working ________________________ America at present.
5. How often do you go _____________________________ the cinema?