Present Perfect Simple – Παρακείμενος απλός


Λάθη που κάνουμε συχνά:

  • I drank red wine all my life. (δύσκολη επιλογή, αν έχετε απορίες, στείλτε email)
  • I never visited the United States of America. (το ίδιο κι εδώ)
  • I’m playing computer games on my new laptop for two hours.
  • I drive a red Ford since 1999.  
  • We play tennis for a long time.

Πως πρέπει να είναι:

  • I have drunk red wine all my life. (have been drinking αν πίνουμε ακόμα)
  • I have never visited the United States of America.
  • I have been playing computer games on my new laptop for two hours.
  • I have driven a red Ford since 1999. (have been driving  αν οδηγούμε ακόμα)
  • We have played tennis for a long time. (have been playing αν παίζουμε ακόμα)

Present Perfect Simple – Παρακείμενος απλός

Περιγράφουμε πράξεις:
Που έγιναν (χωρίς αναφορά στο πότε γιατί δεν είναι σημαντικό)

  • I have been to Paris. Έχω πάει ή ήμουν εκεί (κάποτε) (Δε διευκρινίζω πότε πήγα ή ήμουν στο Παρίσι — αν διευκρίνιζα θα έπρεπε να χρησιμοποιήσω Past Simple δηλαδή πχ. I went to Paris in 2001

Πράξεις που μόλις έγιναν (κι έχουν σχέση με το παρόν)

  • I have just cut my finger. It hurts.
  • Peter has just finished writing. He needs a break.

The Perfect Present

Πράξεις που ήδη έχουμε κάνει

  • I have already done my homework.
  • Mary has read twenty pages so far.

Συχνά, όμως, δε γνωρίζουμε αν μια πράξη

  • έχει τελειώσει
  • τελείωσε πολύ πρόσφατα
  • συνεχίζεται ακόμη.

Παράδειγμα 1:

  • Mary has worked as a nurse for nine years.

Παράδειγμα 2:

  • The Morgan family has had a lovely holiday. (πήγαν διακοπές και γύρισαν ή είναι στο τέλος)

Πράξεις που επαναλήφθηκαν μέχρι τώρα:

  • Mary, my secretary, has answered fifteen calls so far…and it’s only 9.30 in the morning!
  • Mitroglou has been scoring a lot this season (15 goals so far). He is a natural scorer!.
  • But Rafik Djebbour has scored the most goals so far…20 goals all together!

Time Expressions:

How long: ( χρονική διάρκεια) How long have you played football?

For: (χρονική διάρκεια ) She has played the piano for two hours.

Since: (Xρονική στιγμή στο παρελθόν) Tom has drawn pictures since 9.00 o’clock.

Have been / have gone:

  • Mary has gone to work. (Δεν έχει γυρίσει ακόμα)
  • Mary has been to work. (Έχει γυρίσει)
  • Αγγλικός Παρακείμενος: I have played chess for one hour.
  • Ελληνικός Ενεστώτας: Παίζω σκάκι επί μία ώρα.

Key Words:

  • for
  • just
  • already
  • how much
  • how many
  • since
  • up to now
  • yet

Exercise

1.Mary  ____ has played ____ (play) tennis for two hours.

2. I ___ haven’t seen ____ ( not see) my grandmother since last Easter.

3. __ Have _____ you  _____ been _____ (be) to America?

4. The children _____ haven’t been ______ (not be) on a trip for a long time.

5. Tom ____ has not visited _____(not visit) Salonica before.

6. Mum ____ has come _______ (come) back from the local supermarket.

7. Dad _____ has been _____ (be) a civil servant for fifteen years.

8. ___ Have ___________  you ever ______ tried _____ (try) snails?

9. The teacher _____ has _______ already _____  corrected _______ (correct) our essays.

10. Bob  ____ has _____ never _____  seen ______________ (see) the ocean before.

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About Nick Papadodimas

Independent E-Learning English Professional
This entry was posted in Nick's Grammar and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

5 Responses to Present Perfect Simple – Παρακείμενος απλός

  1. theodore says:

    Άριστη ανάλυση!

  2. liza says:

    telio mpravo me voithise polu !

  3. trifon says:

    sygxarhthria..mprabo!!!teleiaaaaaa ola :))))) eyxaristw poly

  4. stratos says:

    Εξαιρετικα περιεκτικος και κατανοητος
    Μπραβο Δασκαλε

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