Αν και…


Η φίλη του blog, ‘kartsi’, ρωτά: ‘Με ποιες λέξεις λέμε στα Αγγλικά…αν και;’

Χωρίς να θέλω να σε ζαλίσω με λεπτομέρειες πρέπει τουλάχιστον να σου πω εδώ ότι ο γενικός τίτλος (γραμματικής) είναι CONCESSION. Με άλλα λόγια πρόκειται για λέξεις που χρησιμοποιούμε όταν θέλουμε να δείξουμε αντίθεση. Αν και έχω αναφέρει ήδη κάπου στο blog τις λέξεις although, though κτλ., θα ήθελα ακόμα μια φορά να εξηγήσω πότε και γιατί χρησιμοποιούμε αυτούς τους συνδέσμους.

Παραδείγματα:

No Matter What Sign You Are

No Matter What Sign You Are 

Ξεκινώ με το although και αμέσως μετά σου δίνω παραδείγματα με παρόμοιες λέξεις.

My mum told me not to stay up late. I still went to bed after the midnight news.
Although my mum had (already) told me not to stay up late, I still went to bed after the midnight news.

He was very poor, but he gave all he had to the wretched beggar.
Even though he was very poor, he gave all he had to the wretched beggar.

My motorbike was brand new. However, (παρ’ όλα αυτά) the exhaust pipe came off on my first ride.
Though my motorbike was brand new, the exhaust pipe came off on my first ride.

Υπάρχουν όμως και περιπτώσεις που θα θέλαμε να τονίσουμε ιδιαίτερα κάποιες καταστάσεις. Σου δίνω μερικά παραδείγματα.

Mary had been preparing hard for her university entrance exams but she never passed.
Despite the fact that Mary had been preparing hard for her university entrance exams, she never passed. (το despite δεν είναι σύνδεσμος, είναι πρόθεση και ακολουθείται από ουσιαστικό ή γερούνδιο)

Though it was raining, we enjoyed our walk.
In spite of the fact that it was raining, we enjoyed our walk. (το in spite of δεν είναι σύνδεσμος, είναι πρόθεση και ακολουθείται από ουσιαστικό ή γερούνδιο)

Even though it was raining, we enjoyed our walk.
Despite the fact that it was raining, we enjoyed our walk.

Επίσης θέλω να προσέξεις ιδιαίτερα τις παρακάτω κατασκευές. Είναι σημαντικό να τις καταλάβεις γιατί παρουσιάζονται τακτικά σε εξετάσεις όλων των ειδών!

Ρήμα: Although they tried hard to cross the river, they couldn’t.
           Try as they might, they found it impossible to cross the river.

Επίθετο: Howard was very brave but fear filled him as he saw the giant wave towering over his frail craft.
…………………. as ……………………………………………………………………………….
…………………… though ……………………………………………………………………..
Brave as Howard was, fear filled him as he saw the giant wave towering over his frail craft.

Επίρρημα: I would like very much to buy a Rolls Royce but I can’t afford one.
……………………. as ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………….. though …………………………………………………………………………………………
Much as I would like to buy a Rolls Royce, I can’t afford one.

However: Although he loved her very much, she wouldn’t marry him.
However much he loved her, she wouldn’t marry him.

Advertisements

About Nick Papadodimas

Independent E-Learning English Professional
This entry was posted in πωςλέγεται and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s