Cleft sentences


Τι είναι οι cleft sentences.

Cleft sentence είναι μία σύνθετη πρόταση δηλαδή έχει μία κύρια πρόταση και μία δευτερεύουσα. Για λόγους έμφασης, τη χωρίζουμε και την επανα-εισάγουμε χρησιμοποιώντας την αντωνυμία it και συνήθως με ένα τύπο του ρήματος be.

Παράδειγμα:

Mary had a splitting headache after she had had a glass of wine.

Με έμφαση:

  • It was Mary who had a splitting headache after she had had a glass of wine.

Υπάρχουν πολλές περιπτώσεις τέτοιων προτάσεων αλλά στο επίπεδο του C2 κυριαρχούν οι προτάσεις που ξεκινούν με itcleft και με whcleft.

Παραδείγματα:

  • It was Jim who won the race not Harry.
  • It was my mum who gave me the umbrella so I wouldn’t get wet.
  • It is Tom who will go abroad not Peter.
  • It is my sister who is better at tennis.
  • Who will cook tonight I don’t know.
  • Who won the race I haven’t got a clue.
  • Where they are going is a mystery.
  • How they climbed that huge mountain I don’t know.
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About Nick Papadodimas

Independent E-Learning English Professional
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